PRESCRIPTION DRUGS QUICK FACTS

Depressants

Often referred to as "downers," these drugs slow brain function and include sedatives and tranquilizers. Some drugs in this category, such as Zyprexa, Thorazine and Haldol, are known as "major tranquilizers" and also referred to as "antipsychotics," as they are supposed to reduce the symptoms of mental illness. Some well-known depressant brand and street names are:
DRUG - Benzodiazepines
Brand names:

  • Xanax
  • Valium
  • Halcion
  • Librium
  • Ativan
  • Klonopin
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    Street names:

  • Downers
  • Sleeping pills
  • Tranks
  • Benzos
  • Candy
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    DRUG - Barbiturates
    Brand names:

  • Amytal
  • Nembutal
  • Seconal
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    Street names:

  • Barbs
  • Reds
  • Red birds
  • Phennies
  • Tooies
  • Yellows
  • Yellow jackets
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    Short-term effects:

  • Slow brain function
  • Sluggishness
  • Slowed pulse and breathing
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Lowered blood pressure
  • Confusion
  • Poor concentration
  • Fatigue
  • Slurred speech
  • Fever
  • Loss of judgment and coordination
  • Dizziness
  • Weight gain
  • Depression
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    Long-term effects:

  • Physical dependence
  • Withdrawal symptoms for people who stop taking them
  • Increased risk of high blood sugar, diabetes, and weight gain
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    OPIOIDS AND MORPHINE DERIVATIVES.
    These are generally referred to as narcotics or painkillers.
    Some well-known brand and street names are:
    DRUG - Codeine
    Brand names:

  • Emperin with Codeine
  • Fiorional with Codeine
  • Robitussin A-C
  • Tylenol with Codeine
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    Street names:

  • Cody
  • Schoolboy
  • Captain Cody
  • Doors
  • Loads
  • Pancakes and syrup
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    DRUG - Fentanyl
    Brand names:

  • Actiq
  • Duragesic
  • Sublimaze
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    Street names:

  • Apache
  • China girl
  • China White
  • Dance fever
  • Friend
  • Goodfella
  • Jackpot
  • Murder 8
  • TNT
  • Tango and Cash
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    OPIOIDS AND MORPHINE DERIVATIVES. Opium is the dried, condensed juice of a poppy. Morphine is the most addictive part of opium.
    A derivative is a substance obtained from another substance.
    NARCOTIC: A drug that blunts the senses and can cause addiction.

    DRUG - Morphine
    Brand names:

  • Roxanol
  • Duramorph
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    Street names:

  • M
  • Miss Emma
  • Monkey
  • White Stuff
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    DRUG - Oxycodone HCL
    Brand names:

  • OxyContin
  • Percocet
  • Percodan
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    Street names:

  • Oxy 80
  • O.C.
  • Oxycet
  • Hillbilly heroin
  • Percs
  • Perks
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    DRUG - Hydrocodone and Acetaminophen
    Brand name - Vicodin
    Street names:

  • Vike
  • Watson-387
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    DRUG - Meperidine
    Brand names:

  • Demerol
  • Dilaudid
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    Street names:

  • demmies
  • Pain killer
  • Juice
  • Dillies
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    DRUG - Buprenorphine
    Brand name - Suboxone
    Street name - Bupe
    Short-term effects:

  • Drowsiness
  • Slowed breathing
  • Constipation
  • Unconsciousness
  • Nausea
  • Coma
  • Confusion
  • Death (if a large dose)
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    Long-term effects:

  • Physical dependence and addiction
  • Withdrawal symptoms include: restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, and cold flashes with goose bumps ("cold turkey").
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    ANTIDEPRESSANTS
    Any drug used to supposedly treat depression is categorized as an antidepressant. Commonly abused antidepressants include Prozac, Paxil, Celexa, Zoloft, Remeron and Nembutal.
    Short-term effects:

  • Insomnia
  • Irritability
  • Nervousness and anxiety
  • Violent thoughts and actions
  • Agitation
  • Suicidal thoughts or suicide
  • Hallucinations
  • Tremors
  • Hostility
  • Aggression
  • Violent behavior
  • Confusion and incoherent thoughts
  • Mania
  • Paranoid reactions
  • Psychosis
  • Akathisia (a painful inner agitation)
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    Long-term effects:

  • Addiction
  • Paranoia
  • Anxiety
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Headaches
  • Hallucinations
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    STIMULANTS
    Also known as "uppers," they are used to increase energy and alertness, but are accompanied by increases in blood pressure, heart rate and breathing. Some of the well-known brand and street names are:
    DRUG - Amphetamine
    Brand names:

  • Biphetamine
  • Dexedrine
  • Adderall
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    Street names:

  • Bennies
  • Black beauties
  • Crosses
  • Hearts
  • Speed
  • LA turnaround
  • Truck drivers
  • Uppers
  • Double trouble
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    Short-term effects:

  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate, blood sugar and breathing
  • Nervousness
  • Feelings of hostility and paranoia if high doses are taken repeatedly over a short time
  • Long-term effects:

  • Dangerously high body temperatures (for high doses)
  • Irregular heartbeat, possible heart failure
  • Addiction
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    "SPECIAL K," "ROOFIES" AND OVER-THE-COUNTER DRUGS
    Other drugs commonly abused include Ketamine (“Special K”), sold as a prescription anesthetic either in powdered or liquid form. Rohypnol (“roofies”) is a tranquilizer about 10 times more potent than Valium. Dextromethorphan is a cough-suppressant found in many over-the-counter cough and cold medications. Some of the well-known brand and street names are:
    DRUG - Ketamine
    Brand name - Ketalar SV
    Street names:

  • K
  • Cat Valium
  • Special K
  • Vitamin K
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    DRUG - Flunitrazepam
    Brand name - Rohypnol
    Street names:

  • Roofies
  • Roche
  • La Rocha
  • R-2
  • Mexican valium
  • Forget-me-pill
  • Rophies
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    DRUG - Dextromethorphan(DXM)
    Brand names:

  • Coricidin
  • Robitussin
  • Contac
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    Street names:

  • CCC
  • Triple C
  • Robo
  • Skittles
  • Vitamin D
  • Poor Man's PCP
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    KETAMINE EFFECTS:

  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Reduced ability to move
  • Memory loss, numbness
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Hallucinations
  • Depression
  • Potentially fatal respiratory problems
  • Delirium
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    ROHYPNOL EFFECTS:

  • Rohypnol users often describe its effects as "paralyzing." The effects start 20-30 minutes after taking the drug, peak within two hours and may persist for eight or even as much as twelve hours.
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    COUGH SYRUP EFFECTS:

  • Hallucinations
  • Hypertension
  • Insomnia
  • Lethargy
  • Dizziness
  • Slurred speech
  • Delusions
  • Sweating
  • High blood pressure
  • Liver and brain damage
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    Mixed with other drugs, cough syrup can cause increased blood pressure, delayed liver damage, and central nervous system and heart problems. Combination with alcohol is particularly dangerous and can result in death.