Crack

WHY IS CRACK COCAINE SO HIGHLY ADDICTIVE?

(Photo credit: DEA/drugs)
(Photo credit: DEA/drugs)

Crack cocaine is one of the most powerful illegal drugs when it comes to producing psychological dependence. It stimulates key pleasure centers within the brain and causes extremely heightened euphoria. Compulsive crack use develops soon after the person starts using, because the substance is smoked and enters the blood stream rapidly. A tolerance develops quickly—the addict soon fails to achieve the same high experienced earlier from the same amount of crack cocaine.

“I had acquired a $2,000 per week crack cocaine habit and desperately wanted to be free from the chains.” —Jennifer

 

REFERENCES


  1. European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction,
    State of the Drug Problem in Europe, 2008
  2. U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency Fact Sheet on Cocaine
  3. National Institute of Drug Abuse: NIDA Info Facts: Crack and Cocaine, April 2008
  4. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, World Drug Report 2008
  5. “Crack Facts & Figures,” Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2008
  6. “Illicit Drug Use During Pregnancy,” March of Dimes
  7. “Research Report Series—Cocaine Abuse and Addiction,” National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
  8. “Drug and Alcohol Use and Related Matters Among Arrestees 2003,” Zhiwei Zhang, Ph.D., National Opinion Research Center
  9. “Cocaine use among young reaches shocking levels,” thisislondon.co.uk
  10. “Monitoring the Future, Overview of Key Findings 2007,” NIDA
  11. UN Office on Drugs and Crime Annual Report 2008
  12. DEA History Book, 1985-1990
  13. “Crack ‘epidemic’ fuels rise in violent crime,” The Observer, 17 Feb 2002